Bariatric surgery is recommended by doctors when exercise and diet maintenance does not bring out the desired results. It is best to cover all your bases if you’re going through weight loss surgery yourself or know someone who is. This blog covers all you need to know about obesity surgery and weight loss in Long Island.  

Let’s Begin!

Weight Loss in Long Island– The Basics

In contrast to popular belief, obesity is a disease with physical, psychological, metabolic and genetic impairments. It isn’t merely a cosmetic concern but rather is a complex medical condition of excessive body fat and weight. Obesity can lead to many illnesses and associated health issues such as:

  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • Sleep Apnea 
  • High blood pressure 
  • Atherosclerosis 
  • Stroke 
  • Gallbladder disease

 

What is Bariatric surgery?

It is known as metabolic surgery or obesity surgery. The name suggests the effect these procedures have on the patient’s health. Bariatric procedures can reduce future health issues by reducing the intake of food without starving the patient. Doctors have introduced several types of obesity surgeries depending on the BMI, body type and the condition of patients overall. 

Types of Procedure

  • Sleeve Gastrectomy

Sleeve gastrectomy requires the removal of 75% of the stomach. As the name implies, the gut is cut into a sleeve shape. The remaining part is reattached to the intestines to reduce the capacity of your stomach. The results are effective and dramatic weight loss. Doctors opt for this surgery for complicated cases. 

  • Gastric Pacemaker

A pacemaker is implanted by surgeons in the intestines. It is also connected to the stomach to sense the frequency of food digestion. Its settings are adjusted by your doctor. It controls how often your stomach empties itself. It maintains and monitors your metabolism through electrical impulses. 

  • Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

The most common and least invasive weight loss surgery is laparoscopic gastric bypass which requires the reduction of the stomach into a small pouch. This section is connected to the intestines directly. This procedure limits the intake of nutrients and fats by portioning your meal size overall.  You can lose up to 30-40% body weight. Gastric Bypass is not classified as a risky procedure because of its consistently positive success rate. On the other hand, the possible short-term issues can be related to minor infections. 

  • Adjustable Gastric Band

A silicone gastric band is placed around the gut to limit food intake. Your gut can only be filled upto a small capacity after which it squeezes your stomach. The inflatable band placed around the stomach squeezes its opening. Any food intake will end up in a smaller part and empties into the larger portion. It has been provided as an option since 2001. This procedure has the lowest rate of complications and the quickest recovery. It is a reversible surgery which means that it is possible to remove the band through revision surgery. 

Risks of Obesity Surgery

Every surgery has some risk factor or complications. Similarly, weight loss surgery carries some possible complications as well. These include:

  • Acid reflux
  • Infection to anesthesia 
  • Chronic nausea and vomiting
  • Dilation of esophagus
  • Inability to eat certain foods
  • Revision surgery 
  • Band slip
  • Infection
  • Obstruction of stomach

Now that we have discussed the basics of bariatric surgery, let’s look at some frequently asked questions!

Frequently Asked Question 

  1. What are the 4 types of bariatric surgery?
  • Sleeve Gastrectomy

Sleeve gastrectomy requires the removal of 75% of the stomach. As the name implies, the gut is cut into a sleeve shape. 

  • Gastric Bypass

The least invasive weight loss surgery is laparoscopic gastric bypass which requires the reduction of the stomach into a small pouch. Your body can’t absorb excessive nutrients if the food intake is portioned and redirected. 

  • Gastric Pacemaker

A pacemaker is implanted by surgeons in the intestines to control the frequency of digestion.

  • Gastric Band

A silicone gastric band is placed around the gut to limit food intake. Your gut can only be filled upto a small capacity after which it squeezes your stomach.

  1. How do you qualify for obesity surgery?

You must have a body mass index of 40 or more to qualify for weight loss surgery. Obesity must be accompanied by life threatening medical conditions such as sleep apnea, diabetes, and high blood pressure. 

  1. What is the easiest weight-loss surgery?

Gastric banding is the easiest weight loss surgery. It also has less probability of complications and remains reversible throughout your lifetime. The recovery time is a day or two for most patients. You can reduce up to 35% to 45% of excess weight.